Second-Wave & Third-Wave
Relief Funds

The Second-Wave and Third-Wave Relief Funds were a short-term subsidy project created in recognition of the COVID-19 pandemic’s continuing impact on the literary industry, particularly on the financial means of some writers.

Applications to both Relief Funds were open to all Nova Scotia writers until the available funds were disbursed.

Subsidies provided through the Second-Wave and Third-Wave Relief Funds were intended to assist Nova Scotia writers experiencing financial hardship in managing basic expenses so that they could continue to produce writing in the face of that hardship. Each subsidy took the form of a one-time payment of $250 to a writer.

Fifteen subsidies of $250 were disbursed during the application period for the Second-Wave Relief Fund (from January to March, 2021). Five additional subsidies of $250 were disbursed through the Third-Wave Relief Fund (in May and June, 2021).

Administered by the Writers’ Federation of Nova Scotia (WFNS), the Relief Funds were supported by donations received from members of the writing community in Nova Scotia and beyond. These donations were matched by WFNS contributions.

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Recommended Experience Levels

The Writers’ Federation of Nova Scotia (WFNS) recommends that participants in any given workshop have similar levels of creative writing and / or publication experience. This ensures that each participant gets value from the workshop⁠ and is presented with information, strategies, and skills that suit their career stage. The “Recommended experience level” section of each workshop description refers to the following definitions used by WFNS.

  • New writers: those with less than two years’ creative writing experience and/or no short-form publications (e.g., short stories, personal essays, or poems in literary magazines, journals, anthologies, or chapbooks).
  • Emerging writers: those with more than two years’ creative writing experience and/or numerous short-form publications.
  • Early-career authors: those with 1 or 2 book-length publications or the equivalent in book-length and short-form publications.
  • Established authors: those with 3 or 4 book-length publications.
  • Professional authors: those with 5 or more book-length publications.

Please keep in mind that each form of creative writing (fiction, nonfiction, poetry, and writing for children and young adults) provides you with a unique set of experiences and skills, so you might consider yourself an ‘established author’ in one form but a ‘new writer’ in another.

For “intensive” and “masterclass” creative writing workshops, which provide more opportunities for peer-to-peer feedback, the recommended experience level should be followed closely.

For all other workshops, the recommended experience level is just that—a recommendation—and we encourage potential participants to follow their own judgment when registering.

If you’re uncertain of your experience level with regard to any particular workshop, please feel free to contact us at